Various processes by which teachers, schools or governors are required to justify their practices, policies and performance to others, and in particular parents, including reports on pupil progress, convening of an annual meeting for parents and publishing OFSTED inspection reports.
A plan, prepared by a school's governors, following an OFSTED inspection to address any issues raised.
A government programme which ran from1998-2005; it aimed to identify high achieving schools which could disseminate good practice. See also Hub school
Curriculum and Learning Support (usually a department in a school).
College Management Team - Senior Management within a college (see SMT).
State schools in England and Wales which are wholly owned and maintained by the local education authority. The local education authority is the admissions authority - it has the main responsibility for deciding arrangements for admitting pupils.
This refers to a state secondary school which admits pupils of all abilities, and therefore without any selection procedure. In England most (nearly 90%) of all pupils attend a comprehensive school; they were introduced into England during the late 1960s.
Schools in Northern Ireland which come under the control of Education and Library Boards.
State schools in England and Wales which are wholly owned and maintained by local education authorities.
City Technical College; an independent all ability non-fee-paying school for students aged 11-18. CTCs teach the national curriculum to pre-16-year-olds with a focus on Science, Mathematics and Technology.
A government abbreviation for community school maintained by the local education authority.
These take children under five for the whole working day. Children can attend on a part-time or full-time basis according to their parents' needs. They may be run by local authorities, voluntary organisations, private companies, individuals or employers. There must be at least one adult for every eight children and at least half of the staff must have a qualification recognised by the local authority.
Time when a teacher must be available to carry out duties, under the direction of the head. A full-time teacher's directed time is usually reckoned to be 1,265 hours in any school year.
The process of banning a pupil from a school. This may be either temporary or permanent and is usually initiated by the headteacher, often on disciplinary grounds.
A school that provides a range of services and activities often beyond the school day to help meet the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community.
Early Years Development and Childcare Partnership.
Early Years Development Plan.
Early Years Foundation Stage.
The Early Years Foundation Stage Profile. A statutory assessment for children at the end of the Foundation Stage and is a way of summing up each child's development and learning at the end of the Reception year.
Early Years Unit.
Foundation school (see below).
A school for children aged 5 - 8, or 5 - 9 in which appropriate parts of the Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 National Curriculum are taught and assessed. It may include a reception class (children aged 4-5, Foundation Stage).
A type of state school which is run by the local authority but which has more freedom than community schools to manage their school and decide on their own admissions. They are maintained by the LEA but some may have a foundation (generally religious) which appoints some of the governing body (which acts as the admissions authority).
Free Schools are state-funded schools set up in response to what some local people say they want for children in their community. The first ‘Free School’ opened in September 2011.
In the context of education, GM stands for Grant Maintained and refers to schools that are maintained by central government rather than the LEA.
Grant Maintained Schools Advisory Committee.
Grant Maintained Schools Foundation.
A type of selective school associated with the tripartite system established by the 1944 Education Act. Most schools since 1976 in the UK are comprehensive schools, which are non-selective. However there are still about 160 grammar schools throughout England. These schools usually select pupils on the basis of their performance on a one-off test. It should be noted that there are some comprehensive schools which retain the name 'Grammar' in their title.
Grant Maintained Schools
State schools in England and Wales which are funded by central government through the Funding Agency for Schools.
Grouping together pupils of varying abilities, interests, or ages.
One does not need to be a qualified teacher to educate a child at home, nor is the child obliged to follow the National Curriculum or take national tests. Parents are required by law to ensure that their children receive full-time education suitable to their age, ability and aptitude.
All state schools are required to have written home-school agreements, drawn up in consultation with parents. They are non-binding statements explaining the school's aims and values, the responsibilities of both school and parents, and what the school expects of its pupils. Parents are invited to sign a parental declaration, indicating that they understand and accept the contents of the agreement.
A school which acts as a 'hub' to disseminate good practice to other schools in a defined partnership role, for example as part of an initial teacher training consortium.
These are schools which are not funded by the state and obtain most of their finances from fees paid by parents and income from investments. Some of the larger independent schools are known as public schools, while most boarding schools are independent.
The official acronym for a registered independent school.
Independent school approved under the Education Act 1996 to take pupils who have statements of special educational needs.
A school for children aged 5 - 7 in which Key Stage 1 of the National Curriculum is taught and assessed. It may include a reception class (children aged 4-5, Foundation Stage).
A school for children aged 7 - 11 in which Key Stage 2 of the National Curriculum is taught and assessed.
Language Sports and Arts College(s).
Learning Support Unit.
Maintained schools are funded by central government via the LEA, and do not charge fees to students. The categories of maintained school are: community, community special, foundation (including trust), foundation special (including trust), voluntary aided and voluntary controlled. There are also maintained nursery schools and pupil referral units
A school for children aged 8 - 12 or 9 - 13 in which appropriate parts of the Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 National Curriculum are taught and assessed.
A teaching group in which children of all abilities are taught together rather than being streamed or set.
Operating within State Primary Schools, nursery classes take children from the age of three or four and are open during school term time. They usually offer five half-day sessions a week. There must be one adult for every 13 children.
Specialists who have qualified in the education and development of pre-school aged children (NNEB), and who sometimes work in primary schools under the direction of a teacher.
Nursery school (Foundation Stage)
A school offering suitable, but non-statutory, educational provision for children aged 2 - 4, including play, activity and language development. The recommended child/adult ratio is 13:1.
Nursery unit (Foundation Stage)
A unit, offering suitable educational provision for children aged 3 and 4, which is attached to a school for older children.
A national requirement that all maintained schools must admit children whose parents wish it, until their standard number is reached.
Partnership Promotion Schools
Schools which accept the centrality of initial teacher training to their work and seek to work with other schools to develop their work in ITT.
Pupil Referral Centre.
An independent school often catering for children from 5 - 13 years old in preparation for secondary education in ‘public schools’ (also independent).
Usually refers to children aged between 3 and 5, attending one of the following: playgroups (see below), governmental day nurseries (usually for children from disadvantaged backgrounds), private day nurseries, nursery schools run by the local authority, and nursery classes in primary schools. See also Nursery.
A school for children aged 5 - 11 in which Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 of the National Curriculum is taught and assessed. It may include a reception class (children aged 4-5, Foundation Stage).
Private nursery schools
These take children between the ages of two and five and offer half or full-day sessions and some stay open in the school holidays. There must be at least one adult for every 13 children and at least half of the staff must be qualified teachers.
A brochure containing information about the school, giving facts and figures, which the governing body must publish each year for parents and prospective parents. Copies must be available at the school for reference or free of charge to parents on request.
In the UK, a 'public' school is in fact private and is not to be confused with State school. Public schools are often referred to as Independent schools. Public schools do not have a statutory obligation to deliver a national curriculum. It is not necessary to have gained QTS in order to teach in a public school.
In state primary schools children are received at ages four and five, some schools starting children off with half-day sessions. There must be at least one adult for every 13 children.
Secondary Modern School
Pupils who were unsuccessful in the 11+ examination usually went to a secondary modern school where the emphasis tended to be on vocational and practical subjects. These schools became redundant in 1976 with the widespread introduction of comprehensive (non-selective) education. See also Grammar Schools.
The Scottish equivalent to grant-maintained schools in England.
A judgement or measure of the efficiency of the school overall in producing educational outcomes given the characteristics of its pupil intake and the resources which are deployed.
The taken-for-granted pattern of values, interpersonal relationships and expectations about the education being provided which gives each school a particular subjective ‘feel’. Often very influenced by the headteacher.
This usually refers to the amount of money that is allocated to state schools. There are several terms associated with school funding and its implications:
The local government settlement
The finance which is made available annually by national government from general taxation to support local government expenditure. Education usually accounts for a high proportion of such funding.
The community charge
The means by which local governments raise funds from their electorate to contribute to their expenditure on local services, such as education.
The aggregated schools budget
The total funds made available for expenditure by schools by an LEA. This must be at least 85% of its overall funding for education and is allocated using an approved funding formula.
The method by which funds for school budgets are calculated, with a particular emphasis on numbers of pupils on roll as reflected in age weighted pupil units.
Age weighted pupil units (AWPUs)
The number of ‘units’ allocated to children of particular ages which is reflected in levels of school funding. In 1995 a 16 year old counted for nine units and a 7 year old for one unit.
A School Teachers’ Review Body makes recommendation to the Secretary of State for Education each year on teachers’ pay.
The proportion of pupils to all teachers in a school or within an education system - a figure which includes teachers in administrative or other posts.
The number of children in a class who are taught by one teacher. Often aggregated for a school, LEA on the national system to produce an average figure.
Guidelines for action and practice within a school. Some policies are legally required and must be set by governors.
School development plan. An annual form of whole-school evaluation and planning, promoted by government and LEAs and expected to be produced by headteacher, teachers and governors together.
A school for children of any age who have 'statements' of special educational needs. The National Curriculum may be taught, parts of it 'disapplied' to particular children or they may be 'exempted'.
This type of school includes technology, languages, sports and art colleges operating in England.
Specialist Schools Trust (formerly known as the Technology Colleges Trust).
State Nursery Schools
These take children from the age of three or four and are open during school term time and normally offer five half-day sessions a week. There must be at least one adult for every thirteen children. Staff are qualified teachers and assistants.
The number of pupils which, based on the capacity of its buildings, a school is deemed to be able to accommodate.
Otherwise known as publicly funded schools; parents do not pay any fees. They are attended by most (over 90 per cent) of pupils. Scottish state schools are maintained and controlled by the local education authority.
Schools which have enhanced responsibility for teacher training, both continuing and initial, usually in conjunction with an institution of Higher Education.
The process of movement from one school to another.
This is an outcome of the inspection process. The Registered Inspector will have concluded that the school's performance is below that of schools in similar circumstances.
Voluntary aided schools
Schools in England and Wales which are maintained by the Local Education Authority, with a foundation (generally religious) which appoints most of the governing body. The governing body is the admissions authority.
Voluntary controlled schools
Schools in England and Wales which are maintained by the Local Education Authority, with a foundation (generally religious) which appoints some, but not most, of the governing body. The LEA is the admissions authority.
Voluntary grammar schools
Grant-maintained, integrated schools in Northern Ireland which take both Protestant and Roman Catholic pupils.
Voluntary Maintained Schools
Schools in Northern Ireland which are mainly managed by the Catholic Church.