National

ACDAP

Advisory Committee on Degree Awarding Powers, reporting to the QAA.

ACE

Advisory Centre for Education.

ACEO

Association of Chief Education Officers.

Academy

Academies are, in this context, relatively new type of schools which are publicly funded independent schools for pupils of all abilities. They are established by sponsors from faith or voluntary groups and/or businesses, working in partnerships with central Government and local education partners. Their independent status is intended to allow more flexibility and for them to be 'innovative and creative' in their curriculum as well as with regard to staffing and governance, although they must follow the National Curriculum in Mathematics, English, Science and ICT.

Childminders

Childminders look after children under five and school age children after hours and in the holidays. The local authority decides how many children a childminder can care for, and childminders are able to register as part of a network to provide early education.

EA

Education Authority (Scotland).

EAB

Education Assets Board.

EAF

Education Action Forum.

EEC

Early Excellence Centre.

Edubase

The register of all educational establishments in England and Wales, maintained by the DfE.

EIP

Early Intervention Programme.

ELS

Early Literacy Support.

ELWa

Education and Learning Wales (National Council for Education and Training for Wales).

EMA

Education Maintenance Allowance. Also Ethnic Minority Achievement (Officer/tutor etc).

EMAP

Ethnic Minority Achievement Programme.

EMAS

Ethnic Minority Achievement Service.

EMIE

Education Management Information Exchange.

ESPP

Early Support Pilot Programme.

Flexi-schooling

Flexible school attendance.  Since 2007, legislation in England has allowed for children to be educated partly at home; in practice this might mean a child attending school for four days per week and being home-schooled for one day per week.

Foundation Stage

A Key Stage; it is organised into six areas of learning rather than into subjects.

FS

Foundation Stage; see above.

FSP

Foundation Stage Profile.

Key Skills

Can be distinguished from basic skills by reference to The Dearing Report (NCIHE, 1997).  This refers to four skills: communication skills, numeracy, the use of information technology and learning how to learn.

KS/Key Stages

A child's progress through school in England and Wales is measured in Key Stages.  Each Key Stage covers a number of school years. Starting at Key Stage 1 and finishing at Key Stage 4. The National Curriculum is divided into four key stages according to pupils' ages:

Key Stage 1 for 5-7 year olds

Key Stage 2 for 7-11

Key Stage 3 for years 11-14

Key Stage 4 for 14-16

Some schools use the term 'Key Stage 5' to refer to post-16 provision, but this is not an accurate use of the term, which refers only to the period of compulsory education.

KSM

Key Stage Manager.

L1 etc

Leadership (Pay) Scale or Spine, Point 1, etc.

Ofqual

The Office of the Qualifications and Examinations Regulator.  It is a relatively new 'regulator' of qualifications, exams and tests in England.

OFSTED

An official body which regularly inspects all the schools in England which are mainly or wholly state funded. Ofsted inspectors produce education reports which are meant to improve standards of achievement and quality of education, provide public reporting and informed independent advice.  The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills is the non-ministerial government department of HMCI.  All the powers belong to HMCI or to Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools (HMI) who are office holders under the Crown. Ofsted itself has no statutory recognition but is usually identified with the functions of HMCI.  In April 2007 the former Office for Standards in Education merged with the Adult Learning Inspectorate (ALI) to provide an inspection service which includes all post-16 government funded education (but not HE institutions which are inspected by the QAA). At the same time it took on responsibility for the registration and inspection of social care services for children from the Commission for Social Care Inspection (CSCI).

Special Educational Needs

A term associated with the Warnock report of 1978 which advocated that children with 'special educational needs' be educated within mainstream schools. See SEN.