Initial teacher training (ITT)

The basic training to become a teacher. The established HEI routes are via a BA (Hons) of three or four years or via a PGCE of one year following a degree. Courses are run in `partnership' with schools and have large school-based elements. There are also numerous 'school-based' routes, including the Graduate Teacher Programme, and flexible/modular courses.

Qualified teacher status (QTS)

The professional qualification awarded following a course of teacher training which has been recognised by the Teacher Training Agency.

Induction period

The early years of a newly qualified teacher's professional work during which time particular training and support may be available, perhaps through a mentor.

Teachers' conditions of service

Contractual requirements made of teachers, set by the Secretary of State on the advice of the School Teachers' Review Body.

Teacher associations

The trade unions which represent teachers' interests as employees; the National Union of Teachers and the National Association of Headteachers are two of these.

Teacher culture

The perception, values and social practices of teachers, for instance developing in the staffroom, which can affect work commitment, classroom practice and school ethos.

Special Educational Needs Co-ordinators (SENCO)

A teacher who has responsibility for managing provision for children with Special Educational Needs within the School.

Induction Tutor

A teacher who has responsibility for managing the professional development and assessment of newly qualified teachers in school.

Advanced Skills Teacher

A teacher who is recognised as an excellent classroom practitioner who works for part of the week in other schools to spread good practice.

Advanced Skills Teacher (ITT)

A teacher who is recognised for their work in school-based initial teacher training and who works in other schools or Higher Education Institutions for part of the week.

Peripatetic teachers

Specialist teachers who visit schools in their area to offer particular forms of expertise.  The most common group are teachers of musical instruments.

Performance Management

The process of assessing how a teacher is performing and attempting to match personal and institutional needs for future development.

In-service education for teachers

The training and professional development activities of teachers working in schools, often in the form of short courses on in-school activities.

Continuing professional development (CPD)

On-going, provision of progressive activities to ensure appropriate staff development throughout a teacher's career.

Early Professional Development (EPD)

EPD is a government initiative that focuses on professional development for teachers in their second and third years of teaching. A main purpose is to secure the retention of new teachers through good quality professional development.

Supply teachers

Qualified teachers who are not in full-time teaching posts who make themselves available for occasional work to cover for absent school staff.