School types

Nursery school (Foundation Stage)

A school offering suitable, but non-statutory, educational provision for children aged 2 - 4, including play, activity and language development. The recommended child/adult ratio is 13:1.

Nursery unit (Foundation Stage)

A unit, offering suitable educational provision for children aged 3 and 4, which is attached to a school for older children.

Infant school

A school for children aged 5 - 7 in which Key Stage 1 of the National Curriculum is taught and assessed. It may include a reception class (children aged 4-5, Foundation Stage).

Junior school

A school for children aged 7 - 11 in which Key Stage 2 of the National Curriculum is taught and assessed.

Primary school

A school for children aged 5 - 11 in which Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 of the National Curriculum is taught and assessed. It may include a reception class (children aged 4-5, Foundation Stage).

First school

A school for children aged 5 - 8, or 5 - 9 in which appropriate parts of the Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 National Curriculum are taught and assessed. It may include a reception class (children aged 4-5, Foundation Stage).

Middle school

A school for children aged 8 - 12 or 9 - 13 in which appropriate parts of the Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 National Curriculum are taught and assessed.

Special school

A school for children of any age who have `statements' of special educational needs. The National Curriculum may be taught, parts of it `disapplied' to particular children or they may be `exempted'.

Preparatory school

An independent school often catering for children from 5 - 13 years old in preparation for secondary education in `public schools' (also independent).

Training Schools

Schools which have enhanced responsibility for teacher training, both continuing and initial, usually in conjunction with an institution of Higher Education.

Beacon Schools

Schools which have been recognised by the DfES as outstanding institutions and which are involved in the dissemination of their work in other schools.

Partnership Promotion Schools

Schools which accept the centrality of initial teacher training to their work and seek to work with other schools to develop their work in ITT.