School management

Governing body

The group of parents, LEA, community representatives and teachers set up under the terms of School's Articles of Government to direct school policy and oversee school management (see Education Act, 1986).

Headteachers

The senior teacher and leader of school staff who is responsible for the implementation of National Curriculum and assessment requirements, school policies as set by governors, school staff, external liaison and effective use of financial and other resources.

Deputy headteacher

A teacher who has been specifically appointed to deputise for the headteacher and who is likely to have been delegated a range of important management functions by the headteacher, as well as normally maintaining responsibility for a class of children.

Senior management teams (SMT)

A small group of senior staff in a school, normally receiving additional pay allowances, who support the headteacher in implementing school policies by acting as `middle-managers'.

School ethos

The taken-for-granted pattern of values, interpersonal relationships and expectations about the education being provided which gives each school a particular subjective `feel'. Often very influenced by the headteacher.

School development plans (SDPs)

An annual form of whole-school evaluation and planning, promoted by government and LEAs and expected to be produced by headteacher, teachers and governors together.

School policies

Guidelines for action and practice within a school. Some policies are legally required and must be set by governors.

Action plan

A plan, prepared by a school's governors, following an OFSTED inspection to address any issues raised.

Open enrolment

A national requirement that all maintained schools must admit children whose parents wish it, until their standard number is reached.

Admission

The process of admitting children into the roll of the school, which must be carried out by each school in accordance with LEA policies. Parents are able to appeal if their child is refused a place at the school of their choice.

Exclusion

The process of banning a pupil from a school. This may be either temporary or permanent and is usually initiated by the headteacher, often on disciplinary grounds.

Transfer

The process of movement from one school to another.

Accountability

Various processes by which teachers, schools or governors are required to justify their practices, policies and performance to others, and in particular parents, including reports on pupil progress, convening of an annual meeting for parents and publishing OFSTED inspection reports.

Added value

The measured gain in pupil attainment when performance on admission to a school is compared with performance at the point of transfer out. Seen as preferable to simple `raw' attainment data because it allows for socio-economic and other contextual influences on pupil capability and thus indicates the school contribution.

Standard number

The number of pupils which, based on the capacity of its buildings, a school is deemed to be able to accommodate.

School effectiveness

A judgement or measure of the efficiency of the school overall in producing educational outcomes given the characteristics of its pupil intake and the resources which are deployed.