School funding and its implications
The local government settlement
The finance which is made available annually by national government from general taxation to support local government expenditure. Education usually accounts for a high proportion of such funding.
The community charge
The means by which local governments raise funds from their electorate to contribute to their expenditure on local services, such as education.
The aggregated schools budget
The total funds made available for expenditure by schools by an LEA. This must be at least 85% of its overall funding for education and is allocated using an approved funding formula.
The method by which funds for school budgets are calculated, with a particular emphasis on numbers of pupils on roll as reflected in age weighted pupil units.
Age weighted pupil units (AWPUs)
The number of `units' allocated to children of particular ages which is reflected in levels of school funding. In 1995 a 16 year old counted for nine units and a 7 year old for one unit.
A School Teachers' Review Body makes recommendation to the Secretary of State for Education each year on teachers pay.
The proportion of pupils to all teachers in a school or within an education system - a figure which includes teachers in administrative or other posts.
The number of children in a class who are taught by one teacher. Often aggregated for a school, LEA on the national system to produce an average figure. The national figure has been rising in recent years.