The elementary tradition
A form of educational practice and provision associated with the mass education of the 19th century with a narrow concentration on the 3R's (reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic) and with authoritarian discipline.
The developmental tradition
A form of educational practice and provision which emphasises the ways in which children develop physically, socially, emotionally and intellectually as a basis for planning and organising learning.
The preparatory tradition
A form of practice and provision which sees primary education as a `preparation' for secondary education and which has been particularly influential in the independent school sector where children are examined prior to acceptance in `public schools' (secondary independent schools).