Teaching strategies

Instructing

Imparting knowledge, skill or understanding to enhance the development of a learner.

Observing

Watching a learner carefully to inform a judgement of their responses to a learning challenge.

Explaining

Providing clarification in response to a learner's need.

Discussing

Engaging with a learner in focused conversation on a learning topic with a view to enhancing their knowledge, skill, understanding or motivation.

Questioning

Asking a learner questions to diagnose his or her existing level of knowledge, skill or understanding, or to gauge his or her attitude and motivation towards a learning challenge.

Conferencing

Holding a particular conversation with an individual pupil for the purpose of reviewing his or her learning progress and to plan future targets.

Scaffolding

Providing appropriate support, often though instruction or explanation, which enables a child to construct understanding for themselves. Often thought of in association with Vygotsky's concept of the 'zone of proximal development'.

Matching

Ensuring that learning tasks are set at suitable levels of challenge in respect of pupils existing knowledge, skills and understanding.

Reflecting

Taking stock of teaching and learning, evaluating evidence and analysing strengths and weaknesses in classroom provision and teaching practices.