School processes

An integral part of routine schooling is the arrangement of pupils into classes and/or groups to enable effective teaching and learning to take place. However, any form of differentiation can have both negative and positive consequences. See for example:

When learners share a similar position in relationship to school success or failure, and regularly come together as a group, the initial differentiation is often reinforced. This process of ‘polarisation’ through peer culture is discussed in:

See also: